|General||Brasov is a the capital of Brasov County in Romania. As of 2002 Brasov had the 8th highest population in Romania with 284,596 people. Brasov is part of the region of Transylvania and is surrounded by the Southern Carpathians. Brasov is famous for being the host of the Golden Stag International Music Festival as well as being the place where the Romanian national anthem was written.
Between the two World Wars Brasov began its industrial development. The major factory was the IAR Brasov, an airplane manufacturing plant. During World War II Romanian fighter planes were used against the Soviets. Once Communist rule was imposed on Romania the plant became used to produce agricultural equipment and was known as Uzina Tractorul Brasov or Universal Tractor Brasov.
Heavy industry is still plentiful in Brasov specifically with Roman, manufacturing MAN AG trucks, and other trucks and buses. While in recent years the industry has been going down Brasov is still well known for producing agricultural equipment and machinery. Brasov also has factories for cosmetics, shoes, chocolate and a brewery. In the past few years Brasov has also development in the pharmaceutical industry since the company GlaxoSmithKline made a production plant in Brasov.
Brasov?s first sports associations were founded toward the end of the 1800s. One of the oldest museums in the country, the Transylvanian Sports Museum shows the evolution of sports in Brasov. During communist rule there were forced participatory competitions held in the city. Today the major sports are football, basketball, martial arts, gymnastics and more. At the Olimipia Sports Ground the Brasov Challenge Cup, a tennis competition is hosted yearly.
In 1928 the Coltea Brasov won the football championship and in 1927 it placed second making it the only championship winning team in Brasov. In 2008 the IIHF World Championship Division II ice hockey tournament was held in Brasov. In 2013 Brasov will host the European Youth Winter Olympic Festival. |
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